Kids receive most of the dog bites for various reasons. Children lack restraint, they tend to move fast and have a small size. Some dogs consider them competitors while other dogs may view them as prey.
So teaching a child the correct approach to greeting a dog is extrememly important.
Rules for Avoiding Dog Bites:
Never approach a strange dog. Do not pet a dog who is not with his owner.
Ask permission from the owner before petting the dog.
Wait for the dog to come to you.
Do not approach a dog that is tied up, in a car or in a fenced yard.
Let the dog sniff your hand by holding out your hand with the palm facing down.
Do not pet a dog on the head or face, instead stroke his body gently in the same direction his hair grows.
Don't stare the dog directly into his eyes.
Never pull the dog's ears or tail. Never poke at his eyes, mouth or nose.
Do not run from a dog.
What to Do if a Dog Threatens You:
For added safety, make sure your child know what to do if threatened by a dog.
Stand still, do not run and do not turn your back to the dog.
Don't look the dog directly in his eyes.
Back away from the dog slowly.
If the dog moves toward you, command him to go home with a low voice.
If a dog attacks you, curl into a ball and use your arms and hands to protect your head and neck. If you have a jacket or backpack, try to place between you and the dog.